Bipolar affective disorder
Bipolar affective disorder affects about one person in 100, and it is sometimes referred to as Manic Depression. It is a condition in which people’s mood can swing between being very high and very low, for weeks or months. In a severe mood swing, people can experience psychotic symptoms, such as seeing or hearing things that aren’t there. In a manic phase, for example, people may have unrealistic beliefs about their abilities or status.
People who are diagnosed with bipolar disorder will usually be prescribed medication, such as antipsychotics, sodium valproate or lithium. Psychological treatments can also be helpful in helping people identify the signs and symptoms of when their mood may be starting to change. They can then be advised on how best to manage these symptoms to prevent a depressive or manic episode.